Book of the Week 2019-20
Reading is not only an enjoyable and rewarding hobby but it also promotes a wider understanding of the world in which we live. Many of you will have your own favourite books to read but it is always fascinating and invigorating to receive new recommendations.
Each week, there will be a review from a student and on occasions, one from a member of the English Department or the Library. They will review a book that they would like to share with you. Please click on the links below to view the recommendations so far this academic year. Past suggestions can be read here. Happy Reading!
The End of the Affair by Graham Greene
The End of the Affair, one of Graham Greene’s so-called ‘Catholic novels’, exploring conflicting views on faith and damnation, not only delivers a compelling, suspenseful narrative, but insightful commentary on the complex relationship between transcendental powers and human behaviour.
Set in wartime London in the 1940s, the novel chronicles the affair between the narrator, Bendrix, a sardonic novelist, and a woman trapped in an unfulfilling marriage, Sarah. Greene employs a non-chronological narrative with flashbacks and occasional stream-of-consciousness to retell the different stages of their relationship. The context of the war, while having little impact on the plot itself, serves as an important reference for how their affair progresses. Despite time not being linear, beginnings and endings are a key motif throughout, central to the ideas Greene wishes to contemplate – the title itself references the ‘end’ of their affair, though immediately contradicted by the novel’s opening: ‘a story has no beginning or end’. This immediately introduces the sense of conflict within the narrator as the reader is aware of these paradoxes and inconsistencies in his narrative, the most prominent of which being his simultaneous admiration and hatred for his mistress.
Perhaps controversially, the novel sympathises most with Sarah, who is not only guilty of infidelity, but presented by the narrator as being superficial and fake. However, when the novel transitions to Sarah’s narration through her diary entries, it becomes clear that she has been severely misjudged and has more depth than the other characters gave her credit for. As she explains the complexities of her own emotions and inner conflict, it causes us to question the previous narrator’s integrity, and provides a new perspective on the events we have just been told. As a character, Sarah is shown to have flaws without committing to either extreme of virtuous or sinful that would be typical of a novel exploring religious righteousness.
As well as considering the human emotions of love, hate and jealousy, Greene incorporates religious imagery to portray the relationship between the Bendrix and Sarah as almost transcendental. Often the distinction between divine and human concepts becomes blurred; the narrator is unable to distinguish between his love and hate, questioning whether we would be able to say if cowardly Peter or jealous Judas loved Christ more without the guidance of the Church. Greene himself recognises the role of religion in his novels, saying there is ‘a pattern in my carpet constituted by Catholicism, but one has to stand back in order to make it out’. Indeed, his Christian existentialism is evident throughout this novel, as the characters are all confronted by tests of faith; after witnessing seemingly miraculous events, they are forced to either commit to their atheism or surrender to Catholic reasoning. The characters struggle to come to a conclusion surrounding their own beliefs without contradicting themselves, and this conflict is reflected in Greene’s style of narration which uses the manipulation of time to disorientate the reader.
Greene manages to transform what could be a romantic novel into a thriller that is almost cinematic, surpassing the bounds of a simple genre; as a meditation on religion and relationships, it is powerful and poignant.